San originates as a Khoekhoe appellation used by pastoralists to refer to foragers, from a root saa "picking up from the ground" plural -n in the Haiǁom dialect.
Adoption of the Khoekhoe term San in Western anthropology dates to the 1970s, and this remains the standard term in English-language ethnographic literature, although some authors have later switched back to Bushmen, The compound Khoisan, used to refer to the pastoralist Khoi and the foraging San collectively, was coined by Leonhard Schulze in the 1920s and popularised by Isaac Schapera in 1930, and anthropological use of San was detached from the compound Khoisan.
Into this hole is inserted a long hollow grass stem. Water is sucked into the straw from the sand, into the mouth, and then travels down another straw into the ostrich egg.
Traditionally, the San were an egalitarian society.
Certain Sān groups are one of 14 known extant "ancestral population clusters".
The endonyms used by Sān themselves refer to their individual nations, including the ǃKung (!The term San is now standard in South African, and used officially in the blazon of the national coat-of-arms.The "South African San Council" representing San communities in South Africa was established as part of WIMSA in 2001.to the point where, in 2008, use of boesman (the modern Afrikaans equivalent of "Bushman") in the Die Burger newspaper was brought before the Equality Court, which however ruled that the mere use of the term cannot be taken as derogatory.The San kinship system reflects their interdependence as traditionally small mobile foraging bands.Villages range in sturdiness from nightly rain shelters in the warm spring (when people move constantly in search of budding greens), to formalised rings, wherein people congregate in the dry season around permanent waterholes.Early spring is the hardest season: a hot dry period following the cool, dry winter.; and Saake in the Nǁng language) are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups representing the first nation of Southern Africa, whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa.There is a significant linguistic difference between the northern peoples living between the Okavango River in Botswana and Etosha National Park in northwestern Namibia, extending up into southern Angola; the central peoples of most of Namibia and Botswana, extending into Zambia and Zimbabwe; and the southern people in the central Kalahari towards the Molopo River, who are the last remnant of the previously extensive indigenous Sān of South Africa.Women gather fruit, berries, tubers, bush onions, and other plant materials for the band's consumption.Ostrich eggs are gathered, and the empty shells are used as water containers.