Today many people are familiar with this puzzle and its solution.In the 1970s, however, very few were even aware of its existence, even though it had been around for almost a century.
Among the non-Brahmin communities, Kammas were one of the first to take to education in large numbers.Many Kammas in villages are not only peasants but are landlords as well. Kamma population is more in villages and small towns when compare to Cities and District head quarters.Zamindaris : Muktyala Naer Jaggayyapet/Krishna District/Andhra Pradesh (Vasireddy clan)Amaravati Guntur District/Andhra Pradesh (Vasireddy clan)Challapalli Krishna District/Andhra Pradesh (Yarlagadda clan). In Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Khammam, Ananthapur and Chittor Districts, and Kamma population is more when compare to other Districts. The main reason for this is Kammas are basically agriculturists, their main accoupation is agriculture.15% of the total agriculture land in A. Undrajavaram Near Tanuku/West Godavari/Andhra Pradesh (Mullapudi clan)Kapileswarapuram East Godavari/Andhra Pradesh (Bulusu clan)Rangapuram Near Gudivada/Krishna district/Andhra Pradesh (Adusumalli clan)Nayakarpatti near Madurai/Tamilnadu (Pemmasani clan)Kuruvikulam Estate - Tamilnadu (Pemmasani clan)Seevalpatti Estate (Bellam clan)ilayarasanandal Estate (Ravella clan)Kamma population in Andhra Pradesh is nearly 4.8% of the toal population (i.e) around 40 lakhs. Although studying creativity is considered a legitimate scientific discipline nowadays, it is still a very young one. One of Guilford’s most famous studies was the nine-dot puzzle.They are generally found in roles ranging from large scale industries to small scale businesses.One admirable characteristic about them is their recognition and belief in the dignity of labor, and are not above lending a hand to hired help and doing some field work themselves in agriculture if they see a need, which is generally considered something to be avoided in India by the upper castes. Kammas are also concentrated in some parts of Nizamabad, Nalgonda, Warangal, Kurnool, Hyderabad and Vizag Districts, in the remaining Districts Kammas are very less in count.At the first stages, all the participants in Guilford’s original study censored their own thinking by limiting the possible solutions to those within the imaginary square (even those who eventually solved the puzzle).Even though they weren’t instructed to restrain themselves from considering such a solution, they were unable to “see” the white space beyond the square’s boundaries.The second group was told that the solution required the lines to be drawn outside the imaginary box bordering the dot array.In other words, the “trick” was revealed in advance.