In recent decades, our understanding of the Classical world has been extended and refined by new archeological finds (particularly on the sea-bed) and by a systematic study of the written evidence.
A rewriting of the history of Classical sculpture has become the more necessary since museums, which necessarily alienate works of art from their original setting, have tended to present them merely as objects of contemplation.
We are also obliged to consider the origins of the concept of art, a concept that remains with us today.
Daedalic Style Sculpture (c.650-600 BCE) Archaic Sculpture (c.600-480 BCE) Archaic Greek Painting (c.600-480) Early Classical Greek Sculpture (c.480-450 BCE) High Classical Greek Sculpture (c.450-400 BCE) Late Classical Greek Sculpture (c.400-323 BCE) Classical Greek Painting (c.480-323 BCE) Helenistic Sculpture (c.323-27 BCE) Hellenistic Style Statues and Reliefs (c.323-27 BCE) Greek Painting of the Hellenistic Period (c.323-27 BCE)The Study of Greek Sculpture: Some Background Since the 18th century, Greek sculpture has been the object of something akin to idolatry, and only recently have we been able to put it more in context.
This is not to say that sculpture was the only form of Greek art generally appreciated, but the widespread success of books by Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717-68), followed in 1700 by that of Lessing's Laocoon, with its extensive theorization of the famous Vatican group, Laocoon and His Sons (42-20 BCE), served to focus interest on sculpture.
Our Word of the Year choice serves as a symbol of each year’s most meaningful events and lookup trends.
It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and ideas that represented each year.