All these writings were collected in the caliphate of 'Uthman and the canonical text was established around 650 A. The writings were collected into a group of surah's and ordered according to length (each surah is meant to be a single recitation), though all Muslims also know the chronological order of the recitations.The Qur'an is organized into separate chapters called surahs.The God of Islam is both a stern judge and endlessly forgiving; obedience to God wipes away all transgression.This submission, however, must be fully and rationally given; faith (iman ) is a rational consent to the truth of the word of God.Typically, revelation would put Muhammad in a trance-like state.
a Muslim reader noted that many Muslims do not understand the language, but they must only read or say the words correctly]. The Angel called out to him with the command, "Recite! This night is called the Laylat-al-Qadr (Night of Power).This means that the Qur'an was a living text during the lifetime of Muhammad.Certain verses revealed to Muhammad were later repudiated by him as "satanic" verses revealed not by Gabriel but by Satan.First, large numbers of the faithful were dying out in the various military expeditions.Each time someone died who had the Quranic text memorized, that meant that one copy of the Qur'an disappeared forever.These verses were expunged from the text that so many had memorized.After the death of Muhammad, the text of the Qur'an was written down in the caliphate of Abu Bakr.And according to the Quran, this is when God determines the course of the world for the following year.From that point on, Muhammad believed himself to be a prophet and messenger of God, the last in a line of seven prophets (beginning with Abraham and ending with Jesus Christ, who was prophet number six) and responsible for inscribing the last and most important of God's direct messages to the world, the Arabic Recitation, which is the full name of the work.Nevertheless, the Qur'an has been translated into Turkish and Farsi (the language of Iran) in this century and is recited in these languages in religious services in Turkey and Iran.The Muslim community tolerates this but just barely.